Historical tour

Departure Date

Daily

Duration

1 Day

Views

100

Maximum Seats

20

Tour includes

Tour guide
Transfer

Departure time Flexible .
Minimum number of entries: 4 persons.

Price:On request

A private tour will also be organized for less than 4 people with a one-off charge of: 50 €/day

Pregled Ture

01

Žitomislići

Žitomislići, about 20 km from Mostar, is a little village situated on the left side of the Neretva River, along the road that connects Mostar to Ploče. Here is the most important Herzegovina Orthodox Monastery. It was constructed at the end of the 16th century on the foundations of an ancient church, commissioned by the nobleman Hrabren Miloradovic. One of its most interesting features is the door of the Imperial Altar with the iconographic representation of the “Annunciation”. Around the church, there are other buildings: an old overnight dwelling, dated 1767, a more recent hostel dated 1967 and a 19th century school.
02

Počitelj

Called the «City of Stone» by the Nobel prize winner Ivo Andrić, Počitelj is a splendid Ottoman city dating back to the Middle Ages. It is situated on the left side of the Neretva River, about 30 km from Mostar. Here, King Tvrtko built a fortress in 1383, later conquered by the Turks in 1471, as can be seen by the many Ottoman monuments still existing: the Hadži Alija Mosque (16th century), the Madrasa (or Islamic School), Sinan-Ibrahimpaša (17th century), the hammam (17th century), and the public kitchen («im-aret»), the inn («han») and the Clock Tower (17th century), situated on top of the hill on which the town soars. Počitelj is a real, open-air museum and a much cherished place by numerous artists who, in this magical scenery, fi nd inspiration for their works of art.Walking through the streets of Počitelj is an experience not to be missed.
03

Mogorjelo

At Mogorjelo, on the right bank of the Neretva River, south of Čapljina (36 km from Mostar), the well preserved remains of a spacious Roman Villa (3rd-5th century AD) are to be admired. Presumably, at the beginning of the 4th century AD, this area was covered with vast agricultural lands, a farm for the production of oil, wine and cereals, warehouses, places for the slaves, and the luxurious villa of the local noble owner. The antique villa brings to mind, even if on a smaller scale and with a simpler structure, the Diocletian Palace at Split. Mogorjelo, thanks to its romantic setting, its architectural beauty, its rich, Mediterranean vegetation surrounding it, is truly an invaluable oasis.
04

The Waterfalls of Kravice

Among the most fascinating naturalistic features of this region are the sparkling waterfalls of Kravice, about 40 km from Mostar. The waters of the Trebižat River branch out, cascading from the tuff walls from a height of 30 metres, and they form a natural amphitheatre, 150-metre wide, creating spectacular effects that bring to mind, even if in a more modest dimension, the imposing Niagara waterfalls. Popular in the summer season above all with rafting enthusiasts and locals, it is the perfect place for all those who wish to relax and enjoy themselves in the midst of an uncontaminated atmosphere, accompanied by the constant sound of waterfalls in the background. Near to them, there is also a small grotto with stalactites made of calcium carbonate, an old mill and a sailing ship, all to be admired. The Trebižat River also off ers pleasant canoe trips, organized by local experts, with 10-km river journeys for about 35 Euros per person (inclusive of guide, canoe and equipment). An experience really not to be missed where the frenetic pace of daily life seems to be only a far-off memory.
05

Peć Mlini

The wider area of the oasis of Peć Mlini, according to historical knowledge, was inhabited from the earliest times - prehistory, Roman times, late Classical period and the Middle ages up to our time. Near Peć Mlini is located Ravlić cave, which is one of the most important prehistoric cave villages. The last ones that served it were the haiduks of this area from the 18 th and 19 th century.
06

Međugorje

Medjugorje, 27 km from Mostar, has become one of the most popular pilgrim attractions in the Catholic world since 24th June 1981, when a group of teenagers witnessed the apparition of the Virgin Mary, near the village of Podbrdo, in that very place that was afterwards called the Hill of the Apparition.The “Miracle of Mary of Međugore” has radically transformed this small town into a sort of ‘global city’, constantly visited by Catholics arriving from all over the world. The busiest periods are around Easter (when the anniversary of the fi rst apparition is celebrated with a procession known as the ‘Walk of Peace’), the Day of the Assumption (15th August) and the Birth of the Virgin (first Sunday after 8th September). The Church of St. James, built in 1969, is a centre for various religious activities. Behind the building itself, there is a path that leads to the Resurrected Saviour, a statue from which constantly fl ow drops of blessed water. On the way leading to the Hill of the Apparition there are the 14 Stations of the Way of the Cross, where pilgrims stop in prayer. The Križevac Mount, at 2.5 km south-west of Međugorje, features a large stone cross that was erected in 1934. The whole area is full of hotels, restaurants and well-supplied souvenir shops, which welcome the crowds of religious followers and visitors all the year round.
07

Mostar - Old Bridge

An almost instinctive image comes to mind when one thinks of Mostar and that is that of its splendid Old Bridge; it thereby follows that this stone masterpiece is the monument that has given its name to the city and which symbolizes its many significances.It was built during the Ottoman period by the Turkish architect Hajrudin and commissioned by the sultan Soliman the Magnificent; it was completed in 1566 after nine years’ work. Right from the start, the bridge became part of various local legends, one of which narrates the stubbornness of Hajrudin who stopped underneath it for three days and three nights in order to demonstrate its absolute solidity. And it remained so for 427 years, until 1993, the tragic year when the bombing of the bridge became not only a strategic, political and military objective but also the most vicious way to strike the heart of the town’s unity and beauty.The reconstruction of the Bridge lasted almost ten years and it was truly a notable enterprise for it was decided to use the same antique building techniques, dating back to the 16th century, as well as its original method of assembling the parts and with the stones cut in an approximate manner in order to recreate the imperfections and the uniqueness of the prior structure. The Tenelija stone, with its crystal clear and ever-changing tonalities according to the intensity of the sunrays, was extracted from the same quarry as the fi rst time and some of the surviving pieces from the old bridge were used again in its reconstruction.The Stari Most joins the two banks of the Neretva River together and is situated between the Herceguša and Tara Towers, on the left bank, and the Halebija on the right: it is 28.7 metre long, 4.49 metre wide and is characterized by a single stone arch which, in summer, stands 21 metres above the water. Something not to be missed is the exciting diving competition which, since 1968 every year in July, takes place from the bridge And, some historic sources confirm that this has been common practice since the very construction of the bridge. Youngsters coming from all over the world meet here to participate in an impressive athletic event.The meeting takes its inspiration from a local ritual that has always taken place during summer, when the youth of the Diving Club (which has its headquarters nearby the Halebija Tower) show off their own virility by leaping into the icy waters of the Neretva River: a unique spectacle with a complex and all-embracing ritual. Amidst the frenetic applauses of the crowd, these young men reach the highest point of the bridge; then, in the typical silence that precedes a tough trial, they jump off in an exciting thrill, and this continues constantly all day long.The new Old Bridge of Mostar was officially inaugurated in July 2004 to symbolize, once again, the city of Mostar and its wish for its rebirth, based on its glorious past and around its most beloved monument. In July 2005, the Old Bridge and the entire old city became offi cially a part of the Cultural Heritage of the UNESCO.
08

Hadzi-Kurt Mosque or Tabačica

This mosque was built between the 16th and 17th centuries, as desired by Hajji Kurt, member of the ancient Mostar Kurt family. Standing on the right bank of the Neretva River, about 100 metres from the Old Bridge, this mosque was next to the antque Tabhana, the district where leather processing workshops were once found; and this fact reveals the mystery of its name, deriving actually from the term Tabaci (leather tanners). A row of small shops and its location make the Tabačica mosque one of the most frequently visited in Mostar.
09

Nesuh-Aga Vučjaković Mosque

Toward the middle of the 16th century – according to some sources around 1564 – Nesuh-Aga Vučjaković erected a mosque beneath the Clock Tower, near the Kujundžiluk and the Old Bridge, also well-known as the ‘mosque under the lime-tree’. This building is unusual due to its artistic infl uences deriving from the coastal area (Dalmation-Mediterranean School) seen in some of its decorative elements.
10

Karadjoz-Beg Mosque (1557)

Mostar is a city rich in mosques, to be found in each and every district, which well represent the typical Ottoman style. Small but elegant, both from an architectural and a cultural point of view in a wider sense, these are buildings that are well worth visiting not only for the beauty of their interiors but also for tangible evidence of the life and culture of the Ottoman period in Bosnia Herzegovina. The Karadjoz-Beg mosque, slightly outside the city centre, is one of the most representative monuments of sacred Islamic architecture in the 16th century. Built in 1557 according to a project of the Turk-ish architect Kodža Mimar Sinan, it is internally decorated with sumptuous arabesques and phytomorphic drawings. According to the style and tradition of the period, the mosque is flanked by other buildings in its courtyard: a fountain for washing (sadrvan), an Islamic school (madrasa), a library and even a public kitchen for the poor. Damaged during the war, the Karadjoz-Beg mosque and its minaret have now been re-opened to the public for visiting, after a long and careful restoration. Behind the mosque there is the most antique Muslim cemetery of the city.
11

Catholic Church and Franciscan Monaster

In Mostar, the Ottomans helped build a Catholic church in 1866. The church was destroyed during the 1992 war and the new, larger structure was erected in 2000 on the foundations of the previous building. The Complex is also proud of its library with its prestigious 50,000 ancient volumes of both the Western and Eastern worlds, and in fact it is the largest of all the libraries with such characteristics in the whole of Herzegovina. h e building also holds an important art collection with works of Italian Masters of the 16th and 17th centuries, apart from works of more contemporary art.
12

Ottoman Residences (16th -19th century)

In order to breathe in the atmosphere of daily life during the Ottoman period, all one needs to do is visit one of the three Turkish dwellings still present in town: these are the houses of the influential Bišćević (1635), Kajtaz (18th century) and Muslibegović (end of 19th century). Intriguing and well-maintained antique dwellings testify in detail to the residential style and to the real flavour of domestic life in that period. Each house is surrounded by high walls to protect the intimacy of Muslim family life. The delightful internal courtyards have characteristic decorations on the floors, romantic fountains, exotic plants, flowers and fruit trees. Comfort reigns supreme in these interiors, with objects of daily use, precious carpets and small libraries with rare texts. To visit a Turkish residence is a way to come into touch with a reality often only imagined and then to take it away with you, once you have returned home.
13

Blagaj Fort

Blagaj Fort locally known as Stjepan grad, is a town-fortress complex near the town of Blagaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The old Blagaj Fort (Bona, Stjepan grad) was built on a high, inaccessible karst hill, at an elevation of 310 metres (1,020 ft) above sea level and 266 metres (873 ft) above the source of the river Buna. Blagaj Fort is 275 metres (902 ft) above sea level. The archaeological material scattered above the slopes of Blagaj hill indicate that settlements existed here during the prehistoric and Roman periods. Remains of fortifications were discovered on each of the summit's highest points: On the north-eastern summit, there are the remains of a Roman or late antique fortification or observation post (specula, burgus) known as Mala gradina, while on the south-eastern summit the contours of a prehistoric hillfort can be discerned. The south-western summit contains the remains of the present day Stjepan grad, a medieval or Ottoman period fort. The shorter sides of the triangle are bordered by a gorge through which a river once flowed, and on the longer and only accessible side the remains of massive ramparts are visible, enclosing a fortified town complex of more than 2 hectares (4.9 acres) in area. It is possible that this complex consisted of two parts in the early medieval period – the Old Fort (Stjepan grad) and Mala gradina, and that this twin settlement lasted at least until the mid-tenth century. The earliest indirect source in writing on the Zahumlje forts, including Blagaj, is the "Treatise on Peoples" by the Byzantine Emperor and writer Constantine Porphyrogenitus, dating between 948 and 952, in which two forts are referred to – Bona and Hum.[2] After the 10th century, Blagaj played an important role in the development of Hum or Zahumlje. A major influence on its development was the proximity of a major route linking the Adriatic sea with the Bosnian hinterland via the Neretva valley (“via Narenti”). Turbulent political events, particularly after the tenth century, did not have any essential impact on the economic development of the town besides the occasional ramparts. The prince of Hum, Miroslav, held court in Blagaj (Orbini, II Regno, 350). During his time in the church of SS Cosmos and Damian was built. A plaque with an inscription in Cyrillic, found in 1912 near the ruins of the local manor of Bišća and the locality Vrači records the construction of the church (Vego, 1957, 15). The plaque is now kept in the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. By the time of King Tvrtko, Bosnian rulers were issuing charters in Blagaj, and in May 1404 Blagaj became one of the residences of Duke (vojvoda) Sandalj Hranić, and then of count (herzeg) Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, after whom the people named the fort Stjepan grad. The first written reference to it is a peace accord between Duke Sandalj Hranić and the Venetians, from November 1, 1423, issued “in our town of Blagaj”. It was also mentioned in the 15th century charters of the King of Aragon and Naples, Alphonse V. The Ottomans occupied Blagaj in 1465, and by 1473 references to the kadija of Blagaj already exist. The Ottomans repaired the fort twice: in 1699, when the west tower was repaired, and again in 1827. A garrison was stationed there until 1835, although the fort’s former strategic role had long since been taken over by Mostar.