Livno is a city in the southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the centre of Livno Canton, and the area of the city is 988.65 km2, and is mostly located on the slopes and at the base of the hill Bašajkovac, from which the river Bistrica springs.
The city is known for its natural beauty, rich flora and fauna, and carries the epithet of the sunniest city in the country.
HISTORY OF LIVNO
The earliest traces of human life date back to prehistoric times in 2000 BC. There are three historic forts in the area of the city, which even for a period of two and a half centuries successfully withstood the attacks of the Romans.
The Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus mentions Livno in 949 in his work “De Administrando Imperio. The oldest written document in which Livno is mentioned is the Charter of Prince Mutimir written on September 28. 892, which donated the church of St. George to the Archbishop of Split Peter II. Livno is mentioned as a parish in the 10th century.
During the 13th and 14th centuries, this city went through several important phases in its status. For a time, the city was a parish of the Croatian state ruled by the Šubić family. After that, it became part of the Bosnian state again.
The Ottoman Turks entered Livno in 1463, but in the same year, they were forced to withdraw before the counter-offensive of the united coalition of Vukčić-Kosač and King Matijaš Korvin. However, despite organized defence, the Ottoman government consolidated in this city and the Balkans a few years later.
When the Ottomans lost areas outside the narrower Bosnian area at the end of the 17th century, Livno was included in the Bosnian Krajina. The Livno Captaincy was formed, which was often the scene of conflicts with Uskoks soldiers from Venetian Dalmatia. Due to their great losses in the area of Livno, in the folk songs, Livno (the official name of the city was Hlivno) was cited as the damned Lijevno. Ottoman rule lasted in Livno until the arrival of Austro-Hungary in 1878.
During the Austro-Hungarian rule, the occupier introduced its own way of governing, which primarily referred to the organization of the judiciary and city administration, as well as education, health, and other public needs.
After the collapse of the Dual Monarchy, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was created (since 1929, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).
Yugoslavia was divided into nine banates, and Livno belonged to the Primorska banate with its headquarters in Split. The Cvetković-Maček agreement established the Banate of Croatia in 1939, which also included Livno. This city then welcomes the arrival of the Second World War as part of the Independent State of Croatia.
After the war, Livno was soon urbanized and in 1974 it received the status of a municipality.
After the Dayton Peace Agreement, Livno is the centre of Livno Canton, which is part of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
WHAT TO SEE AND DO IN LIVNO
1. Livno wild horses
Wild horses freely galloping through the rich pastures is definitely one of the most beautiful sights in the entire region. The horses represent the descendants of horses that were once used in agriculture and were abandoned after the advent of modern mechanization. Today, these wild horses live on the Krug plateau, in the area from Koričin to Borova glava, and survive thanks to the rich pastures. There are local services that offer ATV rentals, so you can have some extra fun while enjoying the sight of the wild horses and the beauty of the Livno region.
2. Hadzi Ahmet Dukatar Mosque
Dukatar’s mosque & nbsp; or & nbsp; Glavica mosque & nbsp; is one of the most recognizable symbols of the city & nbsp; Livna and one of its most important mosques. It is located in the old part of the city of Livno and was built between 1562 and 1574. To the right of the mosque is the & nbsp; clock tower, which still shows the time. With its archaic appearance, high dome and low minaret, the Ducatar Mosque is reminiscent of the first Ottoman domed mosques in Nicaea from the 14th century.
3. Franciscan Museum and Gallery Gorica Livno
The beginnings of the Franciscan Museum and Gallery Gorica Livno date back to the second half of the nineteenth century, when the Franciscans, aware of the importance of preserving cultural heritage, began to visit archaeological sites and collect antiquities.
Items that belong to the sacral collection include paintings, sculptures, liturgical utensils and church vestments from the monastery church and the surrounding Livno parishes. The most valuable work from the Franciscan Museum dates from 1804, and it is a portable altar, a rarity that, according to current information, has been preserved only in Livno.
4. Koricanske Stijene
This is a beautiful mountain range located near the town of Livno. It is popular among hiking and nature enthusiasts as it offers majestic views and challenging trails.
5. Buško Lake
This is a stunning lake located just outside of Livno. It is a popular spot for fishing, swimming, and water sports. There are also several scenic hiking trails in the area.
6. Old Town of Ripač
This is a historic town located just a short drive from Livno. It features well-preserved traditional architecture and offers visitors a glimpse into the region’s rich history and culture.
7. Livno Museum
This is a small but informative museum that showcases the history and culture of the town and the surrounding region. It features exhibits on local wildlife, agriculture, and industry.
8. Krupa Waterfall
This is a beautiful waterfall located in the nearby village of Krupa. It is a popular spot for picnics and relaxation, and there are several hiking trails in the area that offer lovely views of the waterfall and the surrounding landscape.
9. The Livno Karst Field
This is a unique geological formation that stretches for over 1300 square kilometers. It is home to a vast network of caves, underground lakes, and other geological wonders, and is a popular destination for spelunking and other outdoor activities.
Do you want to experience Livno, enjoy stunning architecture, picturesque views on Buško lake, and learn all about its rich history? Contact us.
We will create a journey tailored to your preferences.